Bismillahi ar-Rahman ar-Rahim

Fiqh of Ramadan


When Does Ramadan Start?

Differences in When the Moon Can Be Sighted, What to Do - Fatwa dealing with differences of opinion in regard to the moonsighting, a common area of controversy for Muslims

Forming Committees to Sight the Moon - How should Muslims in the West determine when to start Ramadan?

Moonsighting Announcements - Find out exactly when Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr start


How to Fast and Break Your Fast

Advice to Muslims in Ramadhan

Essentials of Ramadan: A Detailed Guide to the Fiqh of Fasting

Fasting Ramadan, Its Virtues & Rulings

Guide to the Fiqh of Ramadan

Ramadan Mubarak! or, You Mean I Can't Eat Anything? (especially aimed at new Muslims)

Rulings for Iftar (meal to break the fast)

Rulings for Suhur (meal before starting the fast)

The Mysteries of Fasting the Month of Ramadan: Special Observances

Things That Break the Fast

Fatwas dealing with common questions about fasting in Ramadan and other related matters, from Islam Q&A:


The Last Ten Nights of Ramadan and Laylat al-Qadr

16 things you can do on the Night of Power

How to Seek Laylatul-Qadr

The Last Ten Days of Ramadan

When Is Laylat al-Qadr?


I'tikaf: Retreating to the Masjid

Can a man prevent his wife from observing itikaaf

Conditions of I'tikaf

I'tikaf Must Be in the Masjid, Women Are Allowed to Do It There

The reward for itikaaf

What is Itikaf?


Tarawih: The Ramadan Night Prayer

Perhaps you may have heard of the fiqh dispute over how many rak'ats are in tarawih. The following articles present evidence that the original practice of the Prophet (sAas) was eight rak'ats (plus witr).

About Tarawih

But Don't Make the Number of Rak'ats a Source of Division

Night Prayer During Ramadan: Tarawih

Ramadan Nightly Prayer (Tarawih)

Regarding Tarawih

Rulings of Ramadan: The Tarawih Prayer

Tarawih Prayers

The Correct Answer Regarding Tarawih Prayer

The practice of 20 rak'ats was developed by the caliphs Umar ibn al-Khattab (rAa) and Ali ibn Abu Talib (rAa). It was not disputed by the salaf and has been the position of the four madhhabs since that time. The evidence presented above aims to refute those who claim that eight rak'ats is a bid'a or an unknown practice among Muslims. In fact, both are recognized and valid. Muslims can follow one or the other position if they prefer it (for instance, offering eight rak'ats if they prefer to follow the original practice of the Prophet sAas, or offering 20 if they prefer to follow the rulings of the madhhabs). Or they can achieve reward by following what the imam does at the masjid, whichever it might be.

See also Tarawih is Not Obligatory to keep the dispute in perspective.


Eid al-Fitr and Zakat al-Fitr

Eid Prayer is Fard Kifaya

Eid: Ettiquette and Rulings

Explanation of Zakat al-Fitr

How much zakaat al-fitr is and when it should be paid

How-Tos of Eid Day

Is the Eid prayer obligatory?

It is better for women to go out to the Eid prayers than to stay at home

Joining the imam during the additional takbeers

Making up Eid Prayer if You're Late

Ruling on various customary Eid greetings

Rulings Concerning Zakat al-Fitr

When Zakat al-Fitr Should be Paid

When should the takbeer for Eid al-Fitr begin?

Women Should Go Out for Eid Prayer


Other observances linked to Ramadan

Learn About the Month of Shaban (the month before Ramadan)

Learn About the Month of Shawwal (the month after Ramadan)

Six Days of Shawwal: Must They Be Consecutive?

Six Days of Shawwal: Should A Woman Do This First or Make up Missed Fasts from Ramadan?

Six Days of Shawwal: Virtues of Fasting Them

Also see: Laylat al-Nusf min Sha’baan (the middle of Sha’baan) should not be singled out for worship